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Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
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Table on world and regional military expenditure, 1988-2007

Figures are in US $b., at constant 2005 prices and exchange rates. Figures in italics are percentages.
Figures do not always add up to totals because of the conventions of rounding.
                                     
Region a 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Africa a 12.1 (12.2) 12.5 11.2 10.3 10.4 11.3 10.7 10.0 10.0 11.1 11.9 12.3 13.5 14.3 14.1 15.8 16.0 15.8 16.8
North (2.8) (2.9) (2.9) (3.0) (3.3) (3.5) 3.8 3.6 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.0 4.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 5.9 6.2 6.0 6.6
Sub-Saharan 9.3 9.3 9.6 8.3 7.0 6.9 7.5 7.1 6.2 5.8 6.8 7.9 8.3 8.4 9.1 8.7 9.9 9.8 9.7 10.1
Americas 525 520 493 433 457 437 414 397 375 376 367 367 382 387 431 481 522 548 559 598
Caribbean . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Central 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.2 3.9 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.6 4.0
North 499 494 473 416 438 416 391 370 350 347 340 341 354 357 399 453 493 516 525 562
South (23.4) 23.3 (17.7) 14.1 14.9 17.7 18.7 23.4 21.7 25.2 23.3 22.1 23.9 26.7 27.5 24.6 25.8 28.1 30.1 32.0
Asia & Oceania 102 106 110 112 118 121 122 124 128 130 132 135 139 146 153 160 166 176 186 200
Central Asia 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 (0.6) 0.5 . . (0.6) . . (0.8) . . . . . . . .
East Asia (76.8) 80.2 83.8 86.4 91.7 92.9 93.5 95.1 99.0 100 100 101 104 110 116 122 127 132 140 152
Oceania 10.7 10.5 10.4 10.5 10.7 11.0 11.1 10.8 10.7 10.9 11.4 11.9 11.8 12.2 12.7 13.2 13.8 14.3 15.1 16.4
South Asia 15.0 15.7 15.8 15.3 15.1 16.6 16.7 17.5 17.6 18.8 19.6 21.9 22.8 23.5 23.6 24.2 25.0 28.2 29.7 30.7
Europe 514 498 468 . . 326 314 308 283 282 283 276 280 287 288 295 302 306 306 311 319
Central (16.4) 14.9 14.3 11.1 12.9 14.7 15.4 15.4 15.1 15.5 15.1 14.7 14.8 15.5 15.8 16.2 16.3 16.8 17.1 18.0
Eastern 218 203 171 . . 43.5 38.7 38.8 23.7 21.0 23.6 15.6 15.9 21.4 23.3 25.8 27.6 28.9 32.0 35.6 40.8
Western 279 280 282 280 270 261 254 244 246 244 245 250 251 249 253 258 261 257 258 261
Middle East 41.1 39.1 53.0 59.5 48.7 45.0 43.5 40.8 40.2 44.5 48.8 48.1 54.3 56.7 54.3 56.0 60.3 67.2 73.9 79.0
World 1195 1175 1136 . . 960 928 899 855 835 844 834 843 875 892 947 1013 1071 1113 1145 1214
Change (%) – 1.6 – 3.3 . . . . – 3.3 – 3.1 – 4.8 – 2.4 + 1.1 – 1.1 + 1.0 + 3.8 + 2.0 + 6.2 + 7.0 + 5.7 + 4.0 +2.9 +6.0

Source: SIPRI Yearbook 2008, appendix 5A, table 5A.1 and table 5A.3, and the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database.
Note: Sub-regional totals are presented within brackets when based on country data accounting for less than 90% of the regional total. No data are presented when the estimate would be based on data accounting for less than 60% of the sub-regional total.
(a)  The world total and the totals for regions in this table are estimates, based on data in constant (2005) US$ in the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database. When military expenditure data for a country are missing for a few years, estimates are made, most often on the assumption that the rate of change in that country’s military expenditure is the same as that for the region to which it belongs. When no estimates can be made, countries are excluded from the totals. The countries excluded from all totals are Angola, Cuba, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Myanmar (Burma), North Korea, Qatar, Somalia, Trinidad and Tobago and Viet Nam. For the country coverage of the regions, see
Regional coverage.

 © – SIPRI 2008. See SIPRI Copyright Notice.


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